Benefits of Composting
Compost is used in order to treat and better the damaged soil quality. The microorganisms that thrive on the compost, form humus while they decay the contents. This humus is rich in nutrients and a boon to damaged soil. It replenishes the soil keeping it potent and moist.
Composting can be used as a direct substitution for chemical fertilizers, which are proven to be harmful to the soil in the long run.
Composting helps prevent diseases such as nematodes, fusarium etc that occur in plants and also help eradicate the problem of pests.
Composting enables a household to reduce their daily waste by diverting it from garbage can to their garden.
With compost, you can reduce the amount of waste that goes to the landfills. With this, you can play your part in reducing the landfills and make your city a better place to live in.
Composting helps control soil erosion. In Europe, compost is mixed with water and then splattered over the slopes to prevent the soil from eroding. As a matter of fact organic compost proved to work just fine when other methods for prevention of soil erosion failed.
Composting also helps prevent pollution. Instead of the materials being used in land fills and later producing leachate and methane, the organic materials can instead be used in a compost. It stops pollutants that are carried by running rain water from reaching our water resources.
During composting, it has been seen that the volatile organic compounds along with the semi-volatile ones are treated. They also get rid of the chlorinated as well as the non-chlorinated hydrocarbons. The same goes for Polyaromatic hydrocarbons and heating fuels. It absorbs the odors and keep a stronghold on the heavy metals from the soil, keeping them from getting carried away by running water and/or consumed by plants. It is sold commercially and is very marketable.
Composts that possess materials that can be harmful to plants are also been researched upon; it is suspected that they can also be used as an agent of weed control.
Compost has also contributed in the restoration and preservation of wetlands. Organic in nature and containing microorganisms, they are known to be great for the survival of wetlands. This directly affects the plantations as wetlands are a perfect breeding ground for them.
Composts help increase the cation exchange capacity immensely. This allow the soil to hold their nutrients longer and enables the plants to thrive on them better by preventing leaching.
Composting the soil, increases its water utilization and thereby its drought resistance.
Credit: Conserve Energy Future
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